MORALITAS PEREMPUAN DALAM KUMPULAN CERPEN PILIHAN KOMPAS 2010-2015 (Kajian Ekofeminisme Transformatif)

AJI SEPTIAJI, . (2020) MORALITAS PEREMPUAN DALAM KUMPULAN CERPEN PILIHAN KOMPAS 2010-2015 (Kajian Ekofeminisme Transformatif). Doktor thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI JAKARTA.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi bahwa perempuan memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda dengan laki-laki dalam menghadapi berbagai problematika dalam kehidupan. Laki-laki dipandu oleh logika dalam memecahkan persoalan, mengandalkan aturan atau norma untuk dapat dipatuhi atau diikuti orang lain di sekitarnya, serta menemukan solusi atas tindakan keadilan. Sementara itu, perempuan lebih dipandu oleh perasaan, mengandalkan komunikasi atau memiliki sikap komunikatif untuk memperoleh respons orang lain, serta menemukan solusi melalui tindakan yang dapat mengurangi sakit hati. Penelitian ini difokuskan pada (1) moralitas kepedulian yaitu prakonvensional (individualis), konvensional (rela berkorban), pascakonvensional (penentuan keputusan); dan (2) ekofeminisme transformatif yaitu relasi sistem penindasan, ragam pengalaman perempuan, menolak logika dominasi, rasionalitas manusia dengan alam, etika feminim, dan representasi pengetahuan dan teknologi. Metode penelitian menggunakan analisis isi. Instrumen penelitian adalah peneliti. Data yang dianalisis berjumlah 23 dari 130 cerpen berdasarkan tahun 2010-2015 yang kemudian dihimpun ke dalam kumpulan cerpen pilihan Kompas Sebagai barometer perkembangan cerpen surat kabar di Indonesia Kompas sejak tahun 1992 telah berkontribusi dalam mempopulerkan sastra sarat nilai-nilai kehidupan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peran perempuan dalam hubungannya dengan segala persoalan kehidupan membentuk ragam moralitas kepercayaan yaitu moralitas antropogastronomi, ergogastronomi, antropozoologi, antropokosmologi, antropobotani, ergobotani, dan etnoradikal. Hal demikian sebagai tanda bahwa perempuan memiliki interaksi dalam persoalan makanan, tumbuhan, dan hewan melalui kepercayaan, perasaan, pengetahuan, teknologi, dan kekerasan. Kata Kunci: moralitas, perempuan, cerpen, ekofeminisme transformatif This research is motivated by the fact that women have different characteristics from men in dealing with various problems in their life. Men are guided by logic in solving problems, relying on rules or norms to be obeyed or followed by others around them, and solve problems regarding to justice. Meanwhile, women are more guided by feelings, rely on communication to get other people's responses, and solve problems through actions that can reduce broken heart feeling. This research focused on (1) caring morality namely pre-conventional (individualist), conventional (willing to sacrifice), post-conventional (decision making); and (2) transformative ecofeminism, namely oppression relations system, various of women's experiences, rejecting the logic of domination, human rationality with nature, feminismee ethics, and representation of knowledge and technology. The method used in this research is content analysis. The research instrument is the researcher itself. The data is obtained through 23 out of 130 short stories which compiled from Kompas selected short stories in 2010 until 2015. As a barometer of the development of newspapers short stories in Indonesia, Kompas since 1992 has contributed to the popularization of literature which presents values of life. The results showed that the role of women in relation to all life issues forms a variety of morality of trust, namely anthropogastronomy, ergogastronomy, anthropozoology, anthropocosmology, anthropobotany, ergobotany, and ethnoradical morality. This is a sign that women have interactions in food, plant and animal issues through beliefs, feelings, knowledge, technology and violence. Keywords: morality, women, short stories,transformative ecofeminism

Item Type: Thesis (Doktor)
Additional Information: 1). Prof. Dr. Zuriyati, M.Pd. ; 2). Prof. Dr. Aceng Rahmat, M.Pd.
Subjects: Bahasa dan Kesusastraan > Kesusastraan
Bahasa dan Kesusastraan > Kesusastraan > Kritik Sastra
Divisions: PASCASARJANA > S3 Linguistik Terapan
Depositing User: Aji Septiaji .
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2020 11:12
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2020 11:12
URI: http://repository.unj.ac.id/id/eprint/4972

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